This building is a private residence at an organic farm located in rural Maharashtra, near the city of Mumbai. The site is eleven acres in size, undulating with steep contours and terraces. Cared for by the Bhatia family over the years, now this previously barren land is a thriving oasis of green tranquillity with hundreds of fruit trees, and rich biodiversity. The client who commissioned this home is an avid ecologist and advocate of urban composting, in his neighbourhood at Marine Drive.
We are an architectural design and construction firm, working exclusively with ecologically appropriate materials and sustainable technologies. When approached to build this countryside house, it was evident from the onset that our client’s vision resonated perfectly with our own. The product was to be an authentic contextually appropriate modern prototype, for a region now subject to urban sprawl.
The lack of locally available skilled masons in the area posed quite a challenge. We responded to these circumstances by taking on the contractor’s role ourselves, working directly with villagers from the nearest settlement. These people are primarily farmers with little experience in construction. Harvest seasons had to be factored into project scheduling, over and above the necessity to teach every aspect of building from scratch.
All doors, windows and load bearing columns are sourced as recycled materials, salvaged from demolished mansions at the Karaikkudi town of Tamil Nadu. Timber can be considered as one of the few truly renewable construction materials available, with the added benefit of carbon sequestration over the lifespan of said tree. Therefore the incorporation re-used timber is a double bonus in terms of sustainability quotients and embodied energy efficiency of the building.
Integrated with other landscape elements, we decided to attempt an innovation of the region’s traditional roof form as well, using locally acquired timber with standard Mangalore tiles. Taking the form of a self supporting gazebo, designed as five interlocking pyramid structures, this well ventilated outdoor space is open on all four sides. Providing ample recreation area, the feature serves as an extension of the home while providing much needed shade for the swimming pool.
The retaining wall built with random rubble stone masonry for this contoured site, is designed to double up as a seating and barbecue in some places, or act as a serving counter and washing platform in other segments, and ultimately turning into an access staircase to the site.
A swimming pool made primarily of local stone has been built with buttress walls, retaining water just as in vernacular step wells. The large surface area of the tank harvests vast amounts of rainfall, while serving as a farming water reservoir for dry spells. Overflow of this pool fills the house moat, and feeds plantations thereafter, using only gravity for circulation.
Architect: Ranjeet Mukherjee
Interior Designer: Shreenu Mukherjee
Built by: The Vrindavan Project
Materials: Rammed Earth Foundations and Walls
Brick Vault Roof Structure
Terracotta Pot Filler Slab
Recycled Wood Doors, Windows and Columns
Area: 1700 sq.ft Home + 1 Lakh Liter Swimming Pool
Total Cost: Rs. 50 Lakh Rupees / 82,000 USD
Ranjeet Mukherjee is a graduate from The Faculty of Architecture, CEPT University, Ahmedabad. Most of his work experience has been at the universal township of Auroville. Here he embarked upon a journey to explore ecologically sensitive construction, forging a strong relation between design theory and appropriate building practice. During this time he met with his wife Shreenu; an Interior Designer who graduated from L.S. Raheja, with several years of work experience at Mumbai. Having collaborated on a number of sustainable projects together, the time came to venture forward, and they have now established their own office, named ‘The Vrindavan Project’.
Our design practice is to be an evolving process, which grows organically and adapts to each task with complete flexibility. Therefore the overall resultant continuum is a “Project” in itself; since the studio is not to be static or set in any particular form. “Vrindavan” is a reference to the Divine abode; specifically focusing upon the place of His youth and creative field of action; therefore, the given name for our studio being “The Vrindavan Project”.